Journal Articles

The Global Dominance of European Competition Law Over American Antitrust Law
Journal of Empirical Legal Studies (forthcoming) (with Anu Bradford, Katerina Linos, and Alex Weaver)

United Nations Endorsement and Support for Human Rights: An Experiment on Women's Rights in Pakistan
Journal of Peace Research (conditionally accepted) (with Gulnaz Anjum & Zahid Usman)

The Chicago School’s Limited Influence on International Antitrust
University of Chicago Law Review (forthcoming) (with Anu Bradford & Filippo Maria Lancieri)

Trade Openness and Antitrust Law
Journal of Law and Economics 62(1): 29-65 (2019) (with Anu Bradford)
[Journal] [SSRN] [Replication Materials] [Supplementary Materials]

Competition Gone Global: The Comparative Competition Law and Enforcement Datasets
Journal of Empirical Legal Studies 16(2): 411-443 (2019) (with Anu Bradford, Christopher Megaw, & Nathaniel Sokol)
[Journal] [SSRN]

Legal Rasputins? Law Clerk Influence on Voting at the U.S. Supreme Court
Journal of Law, Economics, & Organization 35(1): 1-36 (2019) (with Adam BonicaJacob GoldinKyle Rozema, & Maya Sen)
[Journal] [SSRN] [Supplementary Materials]

Competition Law Around the World from 1889 to 2010: The Competition Law Index
Journal of Competition Law & Economics 14(3): 393-432 (2018) (with Anu Bradford)
[Journal] [SSRN]

Reciprocity and Public Opposition to Foreign Direct Investment
British Journal of Political Science (in press) (with Dustin Tingley & Helen Milner)
[Journal] [SSRN] [Replication Materials]

Treaties and Human Rights: The Role of Long Term Trends
Law & Contemporary Problems 81(1): 1-30 (2018) (with Eric Posner)
[Journal] [SSRN]

Why Countries Sign Bilateral Labor Agreements
Journal of Legal Studies 47(S1): 45-88 (2018) (with Eric Posner)
[Journal] [SSRN] [Bilateral Labor Agreements Dataset]

The Legal Academy's Ideological Uniformity
Journal of Legal Studies 47(1): 1-43 (2018) (with Adam BonicaKyle Rozema, & Maya Sen)
[Journal] [SSRN]

Courts' Limited Ability to Protect of Constitutional Rights
University of Chicago Law Review 85(2): 293-335 (2018) (with Mila Versteeg)
[Journal] [SSRN]

Rights Without Resources: The Impact of Constitutional Social Rights on Social Spending
Journal of Law and Economics 60(4): 713-748 (2017) (with Mila Versteeg)
[Journal] [SSRN] [Replication Materials] [Supplementary Materials]

Measuring Judicial Ideology Using Law Clerk Hiring
American Law and Economics Review 19(1): 129-161 (2017) (with Adam BonicaJacob GoldinKyle Rozema, & Maya Sen)
[Journal] [SSRN] [Data on Judges' CBI Scores]

The Political Ideologies of Law Clerks
American Law and Economics Review 19(1): 96-128 (2017) (with Adam Bonica, Jacob Goldin, Kyle Rozema, & Maya Sen)
[Journal] [SSRN]

Making Doctrinal Work More Rigorous: Lessons from Systematic Reviews
University of Chicago Law Review 84(1): 37-58 (2017) (with Will Baude & Anup Malani)
[Journal] [SSRN] [Blog Post #1] [Blog Post #2]

The Limitations of Supply Chain Disclosure Regimes
Stanford Journal of International Law 57(1): 1-54 (2017) (with Galit Sarfaty)
[Journal] [SSRN]

Do Constitutional Rights Make a Difference? 
American Journal of Political Science 60(3): 575-589 (2016) (with Mila Versteeg)
[Journal] [SSRN] [Replication Materials] [Supplementary Materials]

Simplification of Privacy Disclosures: An Experimental Test
Journal of Legal Studies 45(2): S41-S67 (2016) (with Omri Ben-Shahar)
[Journal] [SSRN] [Supplementary Materials]

The Political Ideologies of American Lawyers
Journal of Legal Analysis 8(2): 277-335 (2016) (with Adam Bonica & Maya Sen)
[Journal] [SSRN

The Political Motivations of the United States' Bilateral Investment Treaty Program
Review of International Political Economy 23(4): 614-642 (2016) 
[Journal] [SSRN] [Supplementary Materials]

International Law, Constitutional Law, and Public Support for Torture
Research & Politics 3(1): 1-9 (2016) (with Mila Versteeg)
[Journal] [SSRN] [Replication Materials] [Supplementary Materials]

Revisiting Procedure and Precedent in the WTO: An Analysis of US-CVD and AD Measure (China)
World Trade Review 15(2): 375-395 (2016) (with Mostafa Beshkar)
[Journal] [SSRN]

The Influence of History on States’ Compliance with Human Rights Obligations
Virginia Journal of International Law 52(2): 211-264 (2016) (with Eric Posner)
[Journal] [SSRN] [Blog Post] [Response by Cope & Creamer] [Response by Lupu] [Response by Versteeg]

The Failure of Constitutional Torture Prohibitions
Journal of Legal Studies 44(2): 417-452 (2015) (with Mila Versteeg)
[Journal] [SSRN] [Supplementary Materials] [Blog Post

An Empirical Study of Political Bias in Legal Scholarship
Journal of Legal Studies 44(2): 277-314 (2015) (with Eric Posner)
[Journal] [SSRN] [Blog Post

Challenging the Randomness of Panel Assignments in the Federal Courts of Appeals
Cornell Law Review 101(1): 1-56 (2015) (with Marin Levy)
[Journal] [SSRN]

Foreign Sovereign Immunity and Comparative Institutional Competence
University of Pennsylvania Law Review 163(2): 411-486 (2015) (with Chris Whytock)
[Journal] [SSRN] [Blog Post

The Political Economy of Inward FDI: Opposition to Chinese Mergers & Acquisitions
Chinese Journal of International Politics 8(1): 27-57 (2015) (with Dustin Tingley, Christopher Xu, & Helen Milner)
[Journal] [SSRN] [Replication Materials] [Blog Post]

The Laws of War and Public Opinion: An Experimental Study
Journal of Institutional & Theoretical Economics 171(1): 181-201 (2015) 
[Journal] [SSRN] [Replication Materials] [Response by Beth Simmons] [Response by Anne van Aaken]

Supplying Compliance: Why and When the US Complies with WTO Rulings
Yale Journal of International Law 39(2): 201-246 (2014) (with Rachel Brewster)
[Journal] [SSRN] [Replication Materials] [Blog Post]

The Influence of International Human Rights Agreements on Public Opinion: An Experimental Study
Chicago Journal of International Law 15(1): 110-137 (2014)
[Journal] [SSRN] [Replication Materials]

Why the Study of International Law Needs Experiments
Columbia Journal of Transnational Law 52(1): 172-237 (2013) (with Dustin Tingley)
[Journal] [SSRN] [Replication Materials]

The Doctrinal Paradox & International Law
University of Pennsylvania Journal of International Law 34(1): 67-137 (2012) (with Dustin Tingley)
[Journal] [SSRN] [Blog Post

The Earned Income Tax Credit, Low-Income Workers, and the Legal Aid Community
Columbia Journal of Tax Law 3(2): 177-214 (2012) (with Josh Boehm & Jonathan Schneller)
[Journal] [SSRN]

Equality, Procedural Justice, and the World Trade Organization
Intercultural Human Rights Law Review 7: 101-151 (2012) (with Ryan Davis)
[Journal] [SSRN

Academic Essays, Comments, and Book Reviews

Country Specific Investments and the Rights of Non-Citizens
Virginia Journal of International Law 57(3): 575-589 (2018) (with Eric Posner)
[Journal] [SSRN]

The Optimal Design of Guest Worker Programs: An Introduction
Journal of Legal Studies 47(S1): 1-4 (2018) (with Tom Ginsburg & Eric Posner)

Book Review (Reviewing Barbara Koremenos, The Continent of International Law: Explaining Agreement Design)
American Journal of International Law 111(3): 801-805 (2017)  

Experimentally Testing the Effectiveness of Human Rights Treaties
Chicago Journal of International Law 18(1): 164-185 (2017)
[Journal] [SSRN]

A Call for Developing a Field of Positive Legal Methodology
University of Chicago Law Review 84(1): 1-5 (2017) (with Will Baude & Anup Malani)

Has Trump's Promised Assault on International Law Materialized?
2017 U. Ill. L. Rev. Online: Trump 100 Days (April 29, 2017)

Did the Creation of the United Nations Human Rights Council Produce a Better “Jury”?
Harvard International Law Journal 58: Online Journal (2016) (with Robert Golan-Vilella)
[Journal] [SSRN] [Replication Materials] [Blog Post]

Reconsidering the Motivations of the United States' Bilateral Investment Treaty Program
American Society of International Law Proceedings 108: 373-376 (2015) 
[Journal] [SSRN

A Reply to Dworkin's New Theory of International Law
University of Chicago Law Review Dialogue 80: 105-115 (2013) 
[Journal] [SSRN

Brazil's Pregnancy Registration Requirement and International Commitments to the Rights of Women
Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 40(3): 696-700 (2012)

Book Review (reviewing Charles R. Beitz, The Idea of Human Rights)
Harvard Human Rights Journal 25(1):  237-239 (2012) 

India's Evolving Patent Laws and WTO Obligations: Rejection of Abbott Laboratories' Application for a New Kaletra Patent
Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 39(2): 296-300 (2011)

Book Review (reviewing Beth A. Simmons, Mobilizing for Human Rights: International Law in Domestic Politics)
Harvard Human Rights Journal 24(1):  243-244 (2011) 

Popular Writing

Trump Just Blocked a Chinese Takeover of a Sensitive U.S. Company. Here’s What’s Going On.
Washington Post - Monkey Cage, September 15, 2017 (with Helen Milner & Dustin Tingley) [Website]

The Political Donations Made by Robert Mueller's Team Are Not Evidence of Bias
 LA Times, July 28, 2017 (with Adam Bonica & Maya Sen) [Website]

The Potential Silver Lining in Trump's Travel Ban
Washington Post, July 5, 2017 (with Genevieve Lakier) [Website]

Using Experiments to Improve Women's Rights in Pakistan
openDemocracy, May 3, 2017 (with Gulnaz Anjum) [Website]

New Data Show How Liberal Merrick Garland Really Is
Washington Post - Monkey Cage, March 30, 2016 (with Adam Bonica & Jacob Goldin, Kyle Rozema, & Maya Sen) [Website]

Gaming the Laws of War
The New Rambler, July 2, 2015 [Website]

The Failure of Constitutional Torture Prohibitions
Washington Post - Monkey Cage, April 25, 2015 (with Mila Versteeg) [Website]

Rappers v. Scotus
Slate, June 13, 2014 (with Kevin Jaing & Eric Posner) [Website]